Seminario

Developmental and evolutionary building blocks for the human mathematical mind

3 marzo 2022
Orario di inizio 
16:00
Online
Organizzato da: 
Doctorate in Cognitive and Brain Sciences, CIMeC
Destinatari: 
Alumni UniTrento
Professionisti del settore
Dipendenti UniTrento
Tutti
Partecipazione: 
Ingresso libero
Online
Email per prenotazione: 
Scadenza prenotazioni: 
2 marzo 2021, 23:59
Referente: 
David Sastre Yagüe, Alireza Karami, Federica Sigismondi
Speaker: 
Elizabeth M. Brannon, Full Professor, Dept. of Psychology, The University of Pennsylvania

The ability to use numbers is one of the most complex cognitive abilities that humans possess and is often held up as a defining feature of the human mind. Alongside the uniquely human symbolic system for representing number we possess an approximate number system (ANS) that is evolutionarily ancient and developmentally conservative. In my talk I will illustrate the signatures of the ANS with experimental data from human babies and nonhuman primates. I will describe behavioral and neurobiological data that demonstrates how the human and nonhuman primate mind privileges numerical information over other types of quantitative information. I will argue that this numerical privilege implicates the biological importance of number in our evolutionary history. I will demonstrate characteristics of ANS representations that constrain models of nonverbal numerical cognition.  Finally I will evaluate evidence that we may be able to harness the ANS to improve math performance.

Photogallery 
Prof. Elizabeth Brannon's close-up